Iqbal's Poetic Expression of Islamic Spirituality: Mysticism, Symbolism, and the Quest for Divine Love


  • Dr. Muhammad Akram Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan Author
  • Dr. Muhammad Hanif Sindh University, Jamshoro Author


Muhammad Iqbal, Islamic spirituality, mysticism, symbolism, divine love, poetry, Sufism, Rumi, Jami, spiritual yearning, transcendence, symbolic language, spiritual evolution, , union with the Divine, moth and flame


Muhammad Iqbal, the renowned Urdu and Persian poet, philosopher, and advocate of Pakistan, stands as a towering figure in the realm of Islamic literature. His profound poetic expressions of Islamic spirituality have captivated readers worldwide, offering a unique blend of mysticism, symbolism, and the ardent pursuit of divine love. This article delves into the depths of Iqbal's poetry, exploring how he masterfully employs mystical concepts, symbolic imagery, and the yearning for divine connection to articulate the essence of Islamic spirituality. Muhammad Iqbal, the celebrated poet-philosopher of the twentieth century, stands as a towering figure in the realm of Islamic thought and literature. His profound understanding of Islamic spirituality, coupled with his mastery of poetic expression, has resulted in a body of work that continues to resonate with readers worldwide. This paper delves into Iqbal's poetic exploration of Islamic spirituality, highlighting his masterful use of mysticism, symbolism, and the quest for divine love as vehicles for conveying his profound insights. Iqbal's poetry is deeply steeped in the mystical traditions of Islam, drawing inspiration from the works of Rumi, Jami, and other Sufi masters. He seamlessly interweaves mystical concepts such as divine intoxication, fanaa (annihilation of the self), and baqaa (eternal life) into his poetic tapestry, creating a rich and evocative landscape of spiritual yearning and transcendence. Symbolism plays a pivotal role in Iqbal's poetic expression. He employs a vast array of symbols, drawn from nature, mythology, and religious traditions, to represent abstract spiritual concepts. The rose, for instance, symbolizes divine love, while the desert represents the arduous journey of the soul towards spiritual enlightenment. Iqbal's symbolic language adds depth and complexity to his poetry, inviting readers to embark on a journey of deeper understanding and interpretation. The quest for divine love emerges as the central theme of Iqbal's poetry. He portrays love as the ultimate driving force behind spiritual evolution, propelling the individual towards a state of union with the Divine. His poems are filled with passionate expressions of yearning for divine love, often employing the metaphor of the moth drawn to the flame, symbolizing the soul's irresistible attraction to the Divine Beloved. Through his masterful use of mysticism, symbolism, and the quest for divine love, Iqbal creates a unique and compelling poetic expression of Islamic spirituality. His poetry serves as a bridge between the intellectual and the emotional, offering readers a profound and transformative experience of spiritual exploration.